Experts recommend that an individual should visit an eye physician at least once a year for the eye checkup. Unfortunately, most people ignore the recommendations because they think they can just see fine. What’s important to know is that eye check-up is not only meant for individuals experiencing problems with their eyesight. Visiting a physician for eye exams helps to diagnose eye problems before the symptoms show up and end up affecting your daily routine. Eye checkup can help to diagnose most of the other health problems such as diabetes. If you have never visited an eye specialist, then it is important to include it in your to-do list now. 

Choosing an Eye Specialist 

It has been established that most individuals fail to visit eye specialists because they can’t tell the difference between the different types of eye doctors. This article seeks to paint a clear picture of the different types of specializations in this sector. It will, therefore, make it easier for an individual to identify the specialist to consult for different situations. 

Optometrists and ophthalmologists are the two main eye doctors. The two specialties deal with different types of eye problems. A doctor specializing in ophthalmology deals with diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of eye diseases. They also deal with the diagnosis and treatment of systemic diseases or symptoms that manifest in the eye. And since they also specialize in performing operations on the eyes, they are regarded as medical and surgical specialists. 

Doctors in this group are the only health professionals trained to handle both medical and surgical cases involving human eye. They are responsible for diagnosing and treating severe eye conditions such as diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma, macular degeneration among other diseases. To be precise, these specialists offer a comprehensive approach to the diagnosis and treatment of ocular symptoms and diseases. 

What does the training and experience of an opthalmologist entail? These specialists graduate from the medical school and then undergo a one-year internship. On top of that, they also undertake a three-year residency under the supervision of a more experienced specialist. Some even undergo a further one or two-year fellowship. After undergoing the rigorous training, they are now licensed to offer comprehensive eye care that includes conducting eye exams, offering medical eye care for conditions such as chemical burns, glaucoma, and iritis. They can also conduct surgery to correct conditions such as crossed eyes, trauma, glaucoma, and cataracts. Additionally, they can also conduct plastic surgery to smooth out wrinkles or even raise droopy eyelids. 


Optometrists undergo a four-year professional program where they graduate with an optometry degree. An optometrist can have an additional clinical training. They specialize in regular vision care. They can perform eye exams, prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses, and treat eye conditions such as myopia and hypermetropia. Additionally, optometrists can diagnose eye problems such as diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, conjunctivitis, and diabetic retinopathy. 


Opticians are not healthcare professionals and they cannot conduct eye tests. But they can give the prescription that an eye specialist gives you. Some of the services offered by opticians include checking prescriptions for eyeglasses and contact lenses, repairing frames and taking facial measurements among others.

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