Drug use among the adolescents varies from experiment to serious substance use the disorders ( Drug Use and Drug Dependence). The consequences are classified from absent, insignificant and to life-threatening, depending on the substance, circumstances and frequency of admission. However, even casual use can expose adolescents to an increased risk of significant harm, including overdose, car accidents, aggressive behavior and the consequences of sexual contact (eg pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections).
Adolescents use psychoactive substances for various reasons:
- To avoid the feeling of pressure (for example, on the part of parents or peers)
- To challenge the authoritative people
- To find the thrill and risk
Extra risk factors comprise low self-control, absence of parental control, and numerous mental disorders (eg attention deficit / hyperactivity disorders). A powerful influence is exerted by the parental attitude and the examples that they have established regarding their own consumption of alcohol, tobacco, prescribed medications and other substances. A perfect option for rehab is there rehab Orange County.
The use of alcohol is widespread and it is the substance most commonly used by adolescents. By the time the school was over, 70% of teens had tried alcohol and about half were considered current consumers (they consumed alcohol during the last month). Intensive use of alcohol is common. Almost 90% of all teenage consumption of alcohol occurs during parties, exposing them to the risk of accidents, injuries, unwanted sexual activity and other adverse outcomes.
The society and the media portray alcohol drinking as acceptable or even fashionable. Despite such influences, parents can change the situation for the better by instilling in their teenager clear ideas about alcohol, constantly setting limits and controlling. On the other hand, adolescents whose family members consume excessive amounts of alcohol may think that such behavior is permissible. Some teenagers who have tried alcohol begin to develop alcoholism (Alcohol). The established risk factors for the development of alcohol dependence include the initiation of drinking at a young age and the genetic predisposition. Adolescents who have a family member who suffers from alcohol dependence should be warned that they are at increased risk.
The rate of tobacco consumption among adolescents has surprisingly declined in the 90s, but in the 2000s the decline stopped. Most adults who smoke cigarettes began to smoke as early as adolescence. If teenagers have not tried to smoke cigarettes before the age of 19, they are less likely to become smokers in adulthood. Children already at the age of 10 are experimenting with cigarettes. Almost a fifth of 9-graders report that they smoke constantly.
The strongest risk factors for smoking teenagers are: parents who smoke (the only most predictive factor) or peers and behavior patterns (eg, celebrities) who smoke. Other risk factors include:
Bad school performance
High-risk behaviors (for example, infatuation with excessive diets, especially among girls, fights and drunk driving, especially among boys, use of alcohol or other drugs).